India has always been a land of art and crafts from ancient period. Stone craft is the most primitive form of handicrafts. India has a rich tradition of stone-craft. Different types of stones like, marble, soapstone, sand stone are used by craftsmen in India. Stone craft in India is not only restricted to ornate carvings on temples or sculptures of deities, but it is also used in making items like carved panels, tiles, paper weights, pen stands, models of historical buildings, sculptures of animals and humans etc.
Indian Examples of Stone Crafts
Representative of growth of civilization, stone has splendid bequest in India. Stone muses the most lasting medium of India's art and craft linking ancient traditions to present surroundings apparently fading distance between ages for which craft has existed in India. In India , various fine examples of stone crafting are there such as Ajanta caves, Buddhist carvings, carving done in temples at Puri, Bhuvaneshwar and Konark.
Variety of Stones
Stone crafts make use of different varieties of stone available in various colors such as Cobble, Fieldstone, Heritage, Lake stone, Ledge stone, Monarch, Quartz, River rock, Top rock and many more. Taj Mahal is one of the best and exquisite example of stone craft in India. Other places which are very much popular for their stone crafts are Karnataka, Orissa, Gaya, Jaisalmer, Bihar, Gujrat, Agra, etc.
The art of making multi layered decorative items out of one single piece of stone includes carving, inlaying engraving, sculpture and undercutting. Previously, the carvers were having only the hammer and chisel at their disposition for these operations. Now, market is well equipped with new machines, and well developed craftsmen who are quite efficient in carving various sizes and shapes of semi precious as well as precious stones.